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PFA Tips: Healthy Relationships – Consent 101

By Baya Mohamed-Osman, Kennedy Krieger Institute, Employment Training Specialist, Project SEARCH

Download a printable version of “Healthy Relationships – Consent 101”


You’ve heard the word “consent” in the doctor’s office or while completing legal paperwork. While consent is essential in formal settings, it’s also important in our everyday interactions. To maintain healthy relationships and to honor other’s boundaries, asking for consent is necessary. This includes asking before hugging, kissing, and even touching someone’s shoulder. Consent should be enthusiastic; “maybe” is not consent. If you feel pressured to say “yes”, then that’s not consent. Your body, your choice. You are always allowed to say “no” and allowed to revoke the consent at any point.

“No” is a full sentence, you don’t need to explain yourself
At times, people want to know why you said “no”, but you do not owe anyone an explanation. They may feel the need to convince you to change your mind or that your reasoning is not valid. Decisions in regard to consent are personal and are an individual’s decision. Saying “no” may be difficult and you may even feel guilty, however, anyone who cares for you will respect your boundaries.

You can change your mind at any point
Consent can be revoked at any time. It is essential to respect another’s decision when they change their mind. Our boundaries should be honored in all settings, including professional and personal. During sexual or intimate moments, even if you initially said “yes”, you can change your mind. You can consent to a medical procedure and change your mind once you enter the doctor’s office. Consent is not a permanent decision.

If you feel someone did not respect your boundaries, let a trusted adult know
If someone ignores your boundaries, please be aware of the signs of harassment and abuse. Touching someone or having an intimate moment without their consent is unacceptable and potentially illegal. Children are too young to give sexual consent and folks who have had alcohol in their system may also be too intoxicated to give consent. If you are unsure about whether you provided consent during an encounter, have a discussion with a trustworthy adult.

Repeat positive self affirmations daily to yourself
Saying “no” to someone you love or trust can be a hard task. We want to please the people around us, however practicing self-love is a daily task. Try saying positive self affirmations such as “I am smart and I am strong” to yourself each morning in the mirror. Little moments like those help you grow your confidence.

Over time, your boundaries can change and evolve
People’s comfort level evolve over time. Two years ago, a lot of people liked to shake hands with new people. But now due to COVID-19 and social distancing, some do not like to touch others. And that’s okay! Some people like to kiss their romantic partner and others don’t. And that’s okay! As long as the parties involved give consent, that’s what matters.

P.S. “Yes” is yes. “No” is no. No response is “No”.


Additional Resources

Baya Mohamed-Osman, mohamedo@kennedykrieger.org, Trained by Elevatus Training, Sexuality Education

PFA Tips: Romantic Relationships

PFA Tips: He Said / She Said

Consent imagined as a cup of tea

Legal Role of Consent

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